838   Roundtable discussion

How to foster scientific culture in the public: the role of academic journals

Initially scientific culture came into being within the scientific community. It is a set of values, patterns, code of conduct and social norms established based upon scientific activities. With the advance of modern science and technology in the past few decades, scientific culture has penetrated every corner of the society and become a mainstream value. At the same time, the diversity of social culture has also impacted affectedon scientific culture and shaped its diverse features.

Nowadays, due to the widespread usage of the social media such as Twitter, Facebook and YouTube, the public is widely exposed to science misinformation and extensive reports about the misconduct of the scientific community and the inappropriate application of modern science and technology. On the one hand, these negative information reports triggers self-reflection and self-criticism in the scientific community. On the other hand, the public tends to form pessimistic opinion and lose trust in science and technology. How to foster scientific culture in the public is a challenge facing government and the scientific community.

Academic journal plays an important role in scholarly communication. It ensures the quality of published findings by the merit of the peer review and the expertise of the workforce. Driven by the development of technology and economy, academic journals itself themselves areis also subject to profound changes. The use of networks, the growth of data-intensive and data-driven science and globalization of research have enriched the publishing context and dissemination model of journals. Academic journal provides good opportunities to showcase the development level and the diversities of scientific culture worldwide. Meanwhile, it can also be a source and site of regeneration of innovation ideas in the research field.

Therefore, in the proposed roundtable discussion, we would like to focus on the role of academic journals to foster scientific culture in the public.

Author: Ji Zhao
National Academy of Innovation Strategy, CAST, China

With the economic growth and S&T development, the scientific culture of modern China has entered a new stage. The focus shifts from promoting the scientific literacy to disseminating science culture and fostering scientific spirit. To meet this call, the journal Cultures of Science(CoS) was launched in China in 2018. As the first English-language journal in this area in China, CoS provides an international exchange platform for the scholars in China and abroad. As the managing editor of CoS, Dr. Ji Zhao will demonstrate the design of the special issues published in 2018 and 2019, and also the feedback afterwards. It will also be illustrated the research hot spot and trend in China.

Speaker: Emma Weitkamp
University of the West of England, United Kingdom

As the editor in chief of the journal Journal of Science Communication(JCOM), Prof. Emma WEITKAMP will focus on the ways in which JCOM has sought to engage in both the academic and practitioner communities through a combination of article types that focus on academic quality but also practitioner impacts, and through the use of social media (specifically Facebook and Twitter) as a means of engaging with the broader academic and practitioner communities. As an open access journal, JCOM sees its role as publishing quality research that has practical implications and hence through engagement with practitioners influences wider scientific culture.

Speaker: Hans Peter Peters
Research Center Jülich, Free University Berlin, Germany

As the chief editor of the journal Public Understanding of Science(PUS), Prof. Hans Peter Peters finds it is a challenge for him to define the scope of the journal in the face of new issues in the science. Over time, all three keywords in the title become fuzzy and the range of interpretations has changed and broadened. While insisting on its substantial aims, PUS reflects the diversity of approaches, perspectives, and topics common in the research community that it serves. With widespread public recognition of the value and significance of science, scientific culture has become an important part of popular culture. The diversity of scientific culture has also had an impact on social culture and shaped its various features.

Speaker: Zhengfeng Li
Tsinghua University, China

As the associate Editor-in-Chief of the journal Studies in Science of Science and the associate Editor-in-Chief of the journal Cultures of Science, Prof. Li Zhengfeng has observed and studied the influences of open access journals as the new scientific publishing model on the modern scientific community. With digital technology, open access journals share knowledge to the public. The mechanism of peer review and quality management of scientific journals for the production of new scientific knowledge should be ensured in the movement of open access journals, while the idea of the communism of scientific knowledge is inherited.

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